CHEM& 131 Introduction to Organic/Biochemistry • 6 Cr.
Presents organic chemistry and biochemistry, with emphasis on functional groups, reaction synthesis, and biochemical applications. Format includes lecture, discussion, and laboratory. Prerequisite: CHEM& 121 or permission of instructor.
After completing this class, students should be able to:
- Define Organic chemistry in terms of the role of carbon in organic and biochemistry.
- Identify and classify the major functional groups. These include alkanes, alkenes, aromatics, alkynes, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, amides, amines, alcohols, and alkyl halides.
- List the typical properties of the individual functional groups.
- Predict reactivity of compounds based on their size and functional group.
- Name and draw the structure for molecules of the main functional groups, including cis-trans and R-S notation.
- Define and recognize the different types of isomerism, including geometric, stereo, and constitutional.
- Explain the importance of molecular shape in terms of function and properties.
- Explain and describe the meaning of primary, secondary, and tertiary substituents.
- Predict general products for basic simple organic reactions.
- Give the mechanism of one common organic reaction.
- Explain how recrystallization and extraction are used for purification.
- Classify basic lipids into their appropriate sub-categories.
- Describe DNA replication and how this is related to aging.
- Describe transcription and how this is related to mutation.
- Explain the importance of protein shape and what intermolecular forces are involved.
- Perform one organic synthesis in lab.
- Define monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides.
- Write the structure of glucose, including stereochemistry.
- Explain the difference between alpha and beta bridges and their consequences in terms of human digestion.
- Determine the structure of simple sugars using optical data and the Fischer Proof.