CJ 102 Policing Operations • 5 Cr.
Presents organizational structure and concepts of staff and line, chain of command, and hierarchy. Students examine advantages and limitations of organizational models for agencies of varying sizes.
After completing this class, students should be able to:
- Differentiate between fact, fiction, and opinion.
- Recognize and evaluate author bias.
- Identify faulty reasoning, and learn to contrast/compare information.
- Assess the accuracy and completeness of data presented.
- Identify cause and effect relationships.
- Make judgements and draw logical conclusions.
- Present possible solutions.
- The students will then apply these learning skills in researching the following topics:
- Student will do a historical survey of present law enforcement and learnthe origin of such titles of "sheriff", "COP", "bobbies", etc., and learnthat the basis of American law can be traced to Great Britain and the"common law".
- The student will analyze model organizational charts for various sizeagencies and will be introduced to police budgets and financing of policeactivities.
- The student will learn to define and work with administrative conceptssuch as "chain of command", "span of control", etc., and will beintroduced to pOlice manuals with precise policies and procedures.
- The student will be acquainted with special units such as Homicideinvestigators, S.W .A.T., research and records, K-9, helicopter and marinepatrol, and training - both in-service and Academy.
- Police Goals and Objectives
- Student will learn that the role of the police is to control crime, protectlife and property, maintain peace and order and safeguard Constitutionalrights.
- Student will learn that the police goals are accomplished through threestyles of policing: the watchman, the legalistic, and the service.
- Police Organization
- Student will study the various ranks of police, e.g., chief, inspector,captain, lieutenant, sergeant, corporal, etc., and what their respectiveresponsibilities and authorities are.
- Student will study various organizational charts dealing with agencies aslarge as Los Angeles, California, and as small as Carnation, Washington,and how each level inter-relates with others in the agency.
- Police operations will be studied by the student in relation to patrol andcalls for service, the apprehension process, preventative and/or proactivepatrol, and officer-initiated activities.
- The student will study the administrative roles and tasks, and take afresh look at civilianizingmany of the jobs formerly filled by sworn policeofficers.
- Student will have the opportunity to study other major police roles suchas detectives and investigations, traffic enforcement and investigations,and decoy and stakeout work, especially in the areas of narcotics andvice violations.
- Ethics, Internal Affairs, and Discretion
- Student will have the opportunity to study the police and its role in lightof recent charges of excessive force, graft and corruption, and adversepublicity dealing with rudeness and allegedly being over-aggressive withminorities.
- Student will become familiar with term "Quis custodiet ipsescustodes?", i.e., who polices the police, in relation to the Internal AffairsUnit which has the direct responsibility to investigate complaints againstofficers and who reports directly to the Chief of Police.
- Student will ascertain that a police officer has a great deal of discretionin doing his/her job, and that "discretion" is often determined by thebackground of the officer, characteristics of the suspect, departmentpolicy, community interest, pressures from victims, disagreement withthe law, and the personal practices of the officer.
- Student will study and evaluate the "Law Enforcement Code of Ethics"and look at the professional standards of modern policing.
- Contemporary Policing Issues
- Student will study the "police culture" which has its own customs, lawsand morality, often interlaced with cynicism and secrecy.
- Student will address the "Police Personality" which has been describedas authoritarian, cynical, conservative, suspicious, hostile, individualistic,insecure, loyal, efficient, honorable, secret, courageous, and prejudiced.
- Student willstudy drug screening testing for both new and current policeemployees.
- Student will assess stress reduction programs in place for police officerssuch as nutrition, physical fitness, meditation, sports competition, etc.
- AIDS will be discussed in general but specifically for public safety worksin relation to narcotics needle users, blood spilled at traffic accidents,death and assault scenes, or simply taken for evidence reasons.Student will study civil liability cases in litigation in relation to excessiveforce, pursuits, shootings, training deficiencies, and employee grievancesand lawsuits.
- Student will look to the future regarding the fair, objective selection ofqualified people, including minorities and women, into law enforcement;and then develop a planfor selecting and traininga corps of professionalmanagers to prepare the police community for Year 2000.
- Student will look at legal and moral restraints on the police butsimultaneously realize that the officers need full support to realize thegoals and objectives of their organization.
- Student will recognize key issues and problems that must be addressedrealistically and promptly.
- Student will be knowledgeable and versed in the role of the policeagency in both his community and on a national scale.