CJ 206 Community-Oriented Policing • 5 Cr.
Analyzes the philosophy and strategies essential to community-oriented policing. Students examine the role of the police in American society and the dynamics of the interaction between the police and their constituents.
After completing this class, students should be able to:1. Explain in short writing assignments the historical development of the police in America. (special emphasis will be upon “how” and “why” the police institution evolved to what it is today. 2. Describe and explain the relationship between , the industrial revolution, the abandonment of informal social controls, and the development of the police organizations. 3. Recognize the major police reform movements as they occurred across the country and explain their effect upon the police organizations. (for example, the impact of the Volstead Act, the Professionalization movement, the Reform era, and the Progressive era. 4. Define and explain the concepts of “informal and formal social controls”, “informal social control mechanisms”, “symbolic interaction”, “cognitive dissonance”, and “discursive redemption”. (explanations should include how these concepts might impact the police role as it is practiced in America today. 5. Identify and explain the ten principles of Community Oriented Policing. 6. Identify and explain in class discussions and written assignments, how Community Oriented Policing differs from every other attempt to reform the police in America. (students should be able to articulate their response from two opposing perspectives, one which describes why the reform should succeed where others have failed and the other which gives reasons why the reform is doomed already). 7. Accurately and informatively explain the relationship between the theoris of “Cognitive Dissonance”, “Symbolic Interaction”, and “Social Distance”, to the reform movement called Community Oriented Policing. 8. Recognize and distinguish between the police reforms called “Police/Community Relations”, “Crime Prevention”, “Team Policing”, “Problem Solving”, and “Community Oriented Policing”. Student should be able to describe where each reform succeeded and where it failed and what can be predicted for each in terms of benefits and problems to the police, their organization, and the public they serve. 9. In a written assignment students should be able to accurately explain what the Community Oriented Policing reform is all about, how and why it works, and give precise and logical reasons why it will or will not succeed to change the relationship between the police and the policed.