OCEA& 101 Introduction to Oceanography w/ Lab • 6 Cr.
Introduces physical and chemical oceanography, marine biology, and plate tectonics. Students also discuss environmental issues. Format includes lab work and/or field studies. Fulfills laboratory science course requirement at BC.
After completing this class, students should be able to:
- Enumerate and describe key milestones in the development of the science of oceanography.
- Differentiate and describe the four main disciplines that comprise oceanography (geological, chemical, physical, and biological oceanography).
- Explain the origin of the ocean floor and relate that to the concepts of global plate tectonics.
- Describe the origin and properties of marine sediments.
- Describe the processes that have shaped, and continue to shape, coastlines and beaches.
- List the key chemical constituents of seawater, and discuss the basic bio-geochemical cycles that control the concentrations of these constituents.
- Define the terms temperature, salinity, and density, and diagram the normal vertical profiles of these variables in the ocean.
- Summarize the major forces that produce ocean currents, waves, and tides.
- Identify and explain the most important features of ocean circulation.
- Summarize the concepts of energy and matter flow through marine ecosystems, including trophic pyramids and food webs.
- Define primary productivity and list the major groups of primary producers in the ocean.
- List the main functional groupings of marine animals, and give some examples of each.
- Explain the concept of the marine biological community, and describe the types of species interactions that take place in such communities (e.g., predation, symbiosis, competition).
- Analyze the impact of human activities, historically and currently, on ocean ecosystems.
- Demonstrate thoroughness and attention to detail in documenting laboratory work.