Critical Thinking & Information Literacy
Across the Curriculum
Critical Thinking Definition
Critical thinking recognizes:
patterns and provides a way to use those patterns to solve a problem or answer a question
errors in logic, reasoning, or the thought process
what is irrelevant or extraneous information
preconceptions, bias, values and the way that these affect our thinking.
that these preconceptions and values mean that any inferences are within a certain context
ambiguity - that there may be more than one solution or more than one way to solve a problem.
Critical thinking implies:
that there is a reason or purpose to the thinking, some problem to be solved or question to be answered.
analysis, synthesis and evaluation of information
can approach something new in a logical manner
look at how others have approached the same question or problem, but know when they need more information
use creative and diverse ways to generate a hypothesis, approach a problem or answer a question
can take their critical thinking skills and apply them to everyday life
can clarify assumptions, and recognize that they have causes and consequences
support their opinions with evidence, data, logical reasoning, and statistical measures
can look at a problem from multiple angles
can not only fit the problem within a larger context, but decide if and where it fits in the larger context
are comfortable with ambiguity
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Updated August 27, 2003