GEOG 123 Introduction to Globalization • 5 Cr.
Globalization considers the dynamic processes and consequences of human contact over time that cross traditional economic, cultural and geographic boundaries. The course examines the ever increasing flows of goods, people, ideas, capital and services and the subsequent challenges that have emerged for humankind.
After completing this class, students should be able to:
- Define the process of globalization and explain the factors behind the creation of a series of new socioeconomic networks and activities that cross over traditional economic, cultural and geographic boundaries
- Explain and demonstrate regional inequalities in the rate and the degree of acceptance of globalization, including concepts of core and peripheral economic development; models of industrial and agricultural patterns of land use; and cultural and political attitudes of acceptance, or otherwise, toward the phenomenon of globalization.
- Evaluate through map work and written work the impact of the physical environment on the level of economic activity of a region and to appreciate aspects of the physical landscape that can significantly influence the opportunities and limitations of economic development, such as the significance of large reserves of mineral resources; the opportunities created by having access to abundant supplies of water; the limitations imposed by a land locked location; and the impact on agricultural output imposed by changes in climate.
- Explain in class discussion and in written work the role played by globalization in the diffusion of cultural attributes. The student should be able to evaluate the impact that societal mores have on globalization, such as the general desire for trade and contact among European societies compared to the isolationist mentalities of East Asian cultures of the nineteenth century; or changes in attitudes over time that can be observed as the diffusion and adoption of new ideas and attitudes alter the course of trade and economic growth and development.
- Identify through discussion and written work that globalization is a two-way process and that whenever a product, service or cultural characteristic associated with one community is seen by another group to add value then there is a desire and willingness to adopt and adapt and to maximize its use. For example, Coca-Cola may have moved from America to most other parts of the world, but, values of acceptance are inherent within American society and so many commodities have moved in the reverse direction to the USA.
- Identify and explain the role played by inter-governmental organizations in fostering, or encumbering trade and economic growth, as well as the increasing role played by international bodies to address issues at the global scale, including political, economic and environmental agencies such as the United Nations, the World Trade Organization and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
- Identify and explain the various component parts of globalization, including the economic dimension of globalization that focuses on changes in the scale, organization and exchange of commodities and the gigantic flows of capital and technology that have stimulated trade in goods and services; as well as the impact of such growth on the environment and the subsequent challenges to humankind.