Table and Figures

Tables and figures are vital to writing in the health sciences and are a powerful and convenient way to present data or information. A table contains information in columns and rows, while a figure is any non-table graphic that displays information, such as an image, photo, map, graph, chart, or illustration. Proper format is essential to presenting visual data/information, so all tables and figures must contain the following:

  • Labels and Titles/Captions
    • Tables: Above the table should be a label (Table 1) and a title (see example below)
    • Figures: Below the figure should be a label (Figure 1) and a caption, i.e., a brief description of the figure (see example below)
    • All tables/figures should be labeled and numbered in the order they appear in the document, e.g., Table 1, Table 2, Table 3, etc.
    • When discussing the table/figure in the document, refer to them by their label, e.g.:
      • As seen in Table 1, the data supports the findings.
      • Figure 2 shows that there was a clear fracture.
  • Citations: Unless the data is original, a citation needs to be created at the bottom of the figure/table. If a figure is copyrighted, the citation needs to incorporate the copyright holder (see link below).
    • The following is a guide for formatting specific table/figure citations in APA: Table/Figure Citation Guide
    • You should also include a full citation for each figure/table in your reference section


Sample APA format and citation for a table


Sample APA format and citation for a figure from a journal






Sample APA format and citation for a figure from a website

Other Table/Figure Resources


Last Updated June 17, 2020