Risks to Mother and Baby
- It is currently unknown is pregnancy increases the risk of COVID-19 infection
- Based on recent data pregnant people have the same risk as the general public
- Pregnant people have had an increased risk of severe illness when infected with viruses in the COVID-19 family due to changes in the immune system and body, making it more vulnerable to respiratory infection
Mother to Child Transmission
- It is currently unknown in the virus can be passed from mother to fetus during pregnancy or labor
- While current data states that pregnancy transmission is unlikely, newborns are susceptible to infection from person to person spread.
- A very small number of babies have tested positive shortly after birth, and it is unclear if they contracted the virus before or after birth.
- There has been no detection of the virus in amniotic fluid, breast milk or other maternal samples.
Precautions and Protective Measures
- Avoid people who are sick or who have been exposed to the virus
- Wash hands frequently with soap and water or hand sanitizer
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily
- Avoid touching your eyes nose and mouth
- Practice respiratory hygiene when coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose
- Seek early medical attention if you develop a cough, fever, or have difficulty breathing
- Call first before going to a medical facility
If You Are Pregnant and Diagnosed with COVID-19
- Stay home unless there is a need for medical care
- Speak with your health care team over the phone before going to an office
- Separate yourself from others in the home
- Continue to receive routine care appointments
- Wear a face mask when around other people while receiving medical care
Labor and Delivery
- Check with your Ob-Gyn about your desired birth plan to make sure that changes do not need to be made to the method or timing of delivery
- The ACOG states that the safest place to give birth is at a hospital, hospital-based birth center, or free-standing birth center
- Due to most facilities limiting the number of visitors and support persons make sure to check how many are allowed during your labor and delivery
- Be sure to mention if you are planning on having a doula with you during the birth, they may or may not count as a visitor.
Last Updated January 8, 2022