Pregnancy, Labor and Delivery: Reassurance During SARS-CoV-2

Risks to Mother and Baby

  • It is currently unknown is pregnancy increases the risk of COVID-19 infection
  • Based on recent data pregnant people have the same risk as the general public
  • Pregnant people have had an increased risk of severe illness when infected with viruses in the COVID-19 family due to changes in the immune system and body, making it more vulnerable to respiratory infection

Mother to Child Transmission

  • It is currently unknown in the virus can be passed from mother to fetus during pregnancy or labor
  • While current data states that pregnancy transmission is unlikely, newborns are susceptible to infection from person to person spread.
  • A very small number of babies have tested positive shortly after birth, and it is unclear if they contracted the virus before or after birth.
  • There has been no detection of the virus in amniotic fluid, breast milk or other maternal samples.

Precautions and Protective Measures

  • Avoid people who are sick or who have been exposed to the virus
  • Wash hands frequently with soap and water or hand sanitizer
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily
  • Avoid touching your eyes nose and mouth
  • Practice respiratory hygiene when coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose
  • Seek early medical attention if you develop a cough, fever, or have difficulty breathing
  • Call first before going to a medical facility

If You Are Pregnant and Diagnosed with COVID-19

  • Stay home unless there is a need for medical care
  • Speak with your health care team over the phone before going to an office
  • Separate yourself from others in the home
  • Continue to receive routine care appointments
  • Wear a face mask when around other people while receiving medical care

Labor and Delivery

  • Check with your Ob-Gyn about your desired birth plan to make sure that changes do not need to be made to the method or timing of delivery
  • The ACOG states that the safest place to give birth is at a hospital, hospital-based birth center, or free-standing birth center
  • Due to most facilities limiting the number of visitors and support persons make sure to check how many are allowed during your labor and delivery
  • Be sure to mention if you are planning on having a doula with you during the birth, they may or may not count as a visitor.

Last Updated June 2, 2020